Your Local Vet Clinic and Animal Hospital
4213 Calgary Trail NW, Edmonton AB

4213 Calgary Trail NW

Edmonton AB, T6J 5P4

(587) 557-2210

Your Local Vet Clinic and Animal Hospital

Dog Bloat? – What to Know

Some of you wondering about a what is dog bloat guide are in the right place. Also known as gastric dilatation and volvulus (GDV), dog bloat is a hazardous problem in massive, large canines. However, that’s not to say this only affects larger dogs. Any dog can experience this issue.

The stomach loads up with gas in its beginning phase, causing a gastric dilatation or swell. Sometimes, the condition advances no farther than a bump. A GDV, nonetheless, is a movement of the bulge into a volvulus (a twist), where the sizeable gas-filled stomach turns upon itself.

Once it turns, both the entry and exit of the stomach become hindered. It’s a risky crisis that requires an immediate medical procedure to address.

Dog Bloat Causes

The specific cause for GDV is unclear. The condition is seen generally in large, deep-chested male canines. Exercise after ingestion of large suppers or water might increase the risk.

Stress might be a contributing element to GDV-in recent examinations. Loose and quiet dogs were at a lower hazard of developing GDV than canines portrayed as hyper or anxious. A disease that hinders stomach movement can prompt stomach enlargement and GDV.

Regardless, here are what experts believe are the leading causes of GDV:

  • Having one enormous meal daily
  • Eating rapidly
  • Playing or moving quickly right after eating
  • Genetics and family history
  • Eating or drinking excessively
  • Stress

Are Some Breeds More Prone?

We know that giant, large-chested breeds are more inclined to GDV. Common breeds who suffer from GDV include Great Danes, Saint Bernards, Weimaraners, Irish Setters, Gordon Setters, Standard Poodles, Basset Hounds, Doberman Pinschers, and Old English Sheepdogs.

In a new report, the main dog breeds prone to GDV include Great Danes, St. Bernards, and Weimaraners. The condition usually happens a few hours after eating an enormous dinner.

Extra facts about GDV:

  • Canines weighing more than 100 pounds have a 20 percent chance of swelling during their lifetime.
  • Gastric dilatation (bulge), without volvulus (twist), periodically happens in older little canines.
  • The widened stomach pushes the back rib, so the dog seems enlarged or swelled. This issue is generally evident on the left side. Delicate tapping of this area creates empty, drum-like sounds.
  • The extended stomach pushes on the diaphragm, and breathing becomes labored.
  • The enlarged stomach pushes on the more prominent veins in the mid-region, and blood flow is compromised, causing shock.
  • Eventually, the dog collapses, and the expanded stomach appears obvious as the canine lies on its side.

Factors Increasing Risk

  • Eating one big meal a day.
  • Having a family history of swelling
  • Quick eating
  • Being light underweight
  • Having an anxious, restless, or tense personality
  • Having a background of hatred toward people or different animals
  • Males are more likely than females
  • Eating dampened dry food

Is Age a Factor?

Yes, age is a factor. Older canines, usually over seven years of age, are the most common age group to experience GDV. You never know when something that’s life-altering might spring up.

Risk Factors of Dog Bloat

Dog bloat is perhaps the most severe non-traumatic condition found in canines. Immediate medical attention (within minutes to a couple of hours) is required to save the canine’s life.

The main risk occurs when the dog collapses. The gas-filled stomach pushes on the veins in the mid-region, which send blood back to the heart. This strain compromises the flow of blood all through the body.

As a result, vital tissues are denied blood and oxygen, bringing foundational shock. Also, the tension of the gas on the stomach wall causes the poor blood flow in the area, causing tissue demise inside the stomach.

From that point, digestion stops, and poisons start to collect in the blood, worsening the shock. As the stomach keeps on expanding, the stomach wall can break.

Signs of Dog Bloat

Without treatment, your canine will probably go into shock in just a little while. The pulse will rise, and your dog’s heartbeat will get more vulnerable, causing death. GDV occurs out of nowhere and can advance rapidly.

Sensing the early signs is crucial for expanding the likelihood your dog will get by. Signs in the beginning phases of the issue can include:

  • Anxiety
  • Pacing
  • Enlarged or expanded midsection
  • Agonizing midsection
  • A general look of trouble
  • Regurgitating or endeavors to upchuck with no achievement
  • Exorbitant slobbering
  • Gasping or fast relaxing
  • Breakdown/powerlessness to stand

Dog Bloat Prevention

Throughout the long term, many studies show that food bowls on the floor cause more instances of the bulge. However, it’s now known that raised food bowls are equal to causing the issue. With these clashing outcomes, it’s unknown what to do with their bowl.

Regardless, dogs that eat once a day are two times as likely to swell than those who eat twice a day. The pace of eating is additionally a problem to consider. Quick eaters are much likelier than dogs that eat slow and steady.

Utilizing slow feeder bowls with fingers or placing big rocks in the bowl helps slow down their eating. However, remember this may cause anxiety, which isn’t ideal either. Separating dogs while they eat may aid their anxiety if that’s the case. Remember, anxious or hyper dogs are two times liable to swell.

Nowadays, some vets suggest a preventive gastropexy on a high-danger canine. Unfortunately, the hardest part is figuring out which canines are at a high risk to warrant this medical procedure. Regardless, here are some common preventative tips:

  • Eating at least two dinners each day
  • Adding canned dog food to the eating routine
  • Having a casual, satisfied, or calm demeanor
  • Eating a dry food containing a calcium-rich meat dinner (fish, chicken, etc.) is recorded in the initial four elements of the ingredient list.


When the canine is steady, they’re taken into a medical procedure from where two scenarios begin. One is to empty the stomach and turn it back to its proper position. Assuming the stomach wall is harmed, that part is eliminated.

Second (since 90 percent of impacted canines will have this condition once more), vets attach the stomach to the stomach wall (a gastropexy method) to keep it from twisting. The success of forestalling the repeat of a GDV is 95 percent.

Indeed, even in somewhat simple cases, there is a 15 to 20 percent death rate for GDV. In a new report, if heart arrhythmias were present during diagnosis, the death rate expanded to 38 percent.

Assuming tissue harm was extreme enough to require removal of part of the stomach, the death rate leaps from 28 percent to 38 percent. If there was spleen removal, the death rate is 32 percent to 38 percent.

Cost of Treatment Options

Medical procedures are expensive, and euthanasia is the only elective that will forestall pain for the canine. No moderate or simple witnessing move will forestall agony, suffering, or inevitable demise. It’s an unfortunate part of the what is dog bloat process.

Individuals who own breeds in the high-risk pool should plan for a preventive gastropexy. Doing so prevents the chance of a costly medical procedure crisis with an already compromised pet. Many pet insurance agencies typically cover this preventive medical procedure.

As much as $1,500 to $7,500 is expected to take on bloat. What’s more, tragically, there are never any guarantees of the success of the treatment. Some vets have payment plans and will work with you to ensure your pet is safe.

How Long Does it Take to Recover?

The recovery period takes around three to four weeks. During that time, your canine’s exercise and movements should be limited. A dog usually remains in the hospital for one to three days after the surgery. Regardless, expect a solid month before your dog is back to normal. You’ll also have to bring them to the vet for a checkup. It’s important to note the what is dog bloat process with recovery.

When to See the Vet – What is Dog Bloat Understanding

No one wants to bring their dog for medical emergencies, but these issues can arise. Regardless, understand that not every medical issue is a representation of bloat. Be aware of the potential symptoms and what to do if you think this issue comes up. Remember to contact your vet right away or visit an emergency vet. Points to remember include:

  • Tension
  • An overall difficult appearance
  • Spewing or attempts to vomit with no action
  • Over the top drooling
  • Heaving or quick unwinding
  • Inability to stand
  • Pacing
  • Augmented or extended waist
  • Painful stomach area

What is Dog Bloat – Summary

Dog bloat is a severe condition that no pet owner should ignore. Remember that cautious regard for diet while keeping your dog in good health assists with forestalling the issue. Speak with your dog’s veterinarian about any worries about this significant condition.

Lastly, visit us at Gateway Vet Centre if you need a reputable vet in Edmonton. We are a locally-owned veterinary clinic, and you can count on us to provide the latest, independent, and fair advice regarding your pet’s needs. We’re open seven days a week, with the expert knowledge needed for your pets.

Table of Contents

Further Reading